Cranial medical term

Medical Definition of Cranial - MedicineNe

Cranial: 1. Pertaining to the cranium or skull. 2 Cranial medical definition, flashcards and ICD-10 codes. Free

Cranial definition is - of or relating to the skull or cranium. How to use cranial in a sentence Anatomical Terminology. Before we get into the following learning units, which will provide more detailed discussion of topics on different human body systems, it is necessary to learn some useful terms for describing body structure. Knowing these terms will make it much easier for us to understand the content of the following learning units cranio- Combining form denoting the bones that enclose the brain (the CRANIUM). Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005 Want to thank TFD for its existence

skull | Taber's Medical Dictionary

cranial: 1 adj of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain cranial pressur

Cranial Definition of Cranial - Medical Terminolog

Cranial Definition of Cranial by Merriam-Webste

Cranial neuropathies are caused by damage to one or more cranial nerves. These are nerves that arise directly from the brain and affect movement and sensation in the eyes and face. The causes of cranial neuropathies include poorly controlled diabetes or high blood pressure, head injuries, infections, strokes, and brain tumors Definition of Cranial Cranial: 1. Pertaining to the cranium or skull. 2 When you didn't think medicine could deliver any more heebie-jeebies, this clinic just received a large, overnight shipment of them. Last week, per the medical chart, Dr. Alex Krane saw someone that had 11 out of 12 cranial nerves grossly intact

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of or relating to the cranium or skull Cranial (from Greek κρανίον 'skull') or cephalic (from Greek κεφαλή 'head') describes how close something is to the head of an organism. Caudal (from Latin cauda 'tail') describes how close something is to the trailing end of an organism. For example, in horses, the eyes are caudal to the nose and rostral to the back of the head CCA addresses the medical, financial, psychosocial, emotional, and educational concerns relating to craniofacial conditions. The National Craniofacial Association (FACES) external icon FACES is dedicated to assisting children and adults who have craniofacial disorders resulting from disease, accident, or birth Cranial cavity definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now Start studying Medical Terminology: Cranial nerves. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Cranio- definition of cranio- by Medical dictionar

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), previously known as pseudotumor cerebri and benign intracranial hypertension, is a condition characterized by increased intracranial pressure (pressure around the brain) without a detectable cause. The main symptoms are headache, vision problems, ringing in the ears with the heartbeat, and shoulder pain.. Definition of cranial nerve : any of the nerves that arise in pairs from the lower surface of the brain one on each side and pass through openings in the skull to the periphery of the body and that comprise 12 pairs in reptiles, birds, and mammals and usually 10 in fishes and amphibians Examples of cranial nerve in a Sentenc The term, cranial prosthesis, is used when applying for medical insurance or tax deduction status. Other common terms for a wig used for medical purposes include: full cranial prosthesis, hair prosthesis, cranial hair prosthesis, extra-cranial prosthesis

Start studying Medical Terminology, Cranial & Spinal Nerves. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools The bones of a newborn baby's skull are soft and flexible, with gaps between the plates of bone. The spaces between the bony plates of the skull are called cranial sutures.The front and back (posterior) fontanelles are 2 gaps that are particularly large.These are the soft spots you can feel when you touch the top of your baby's head Cranial neuropathies are caused by damage to one or more cranial nerves. These are nerves that arise directly from the brain and affect movement and sensation in the eyes and face. The causes of cranial neuropathies include poorly controlled diabetes or high blood pressure, head injuries, infections, strokes, and brain tumors What is the medical term for toward the head? Cranial: Toward the head, as opposed to caudad. Deep: Away from the exterior surface or further into the body, as opposed to superficial. Distal: Further from the beginning, as opposed to proximal. Dorsal: The back, as opposed to ventral

cranial - Dictionary Definition : Vocabulary

  1. Cranial nerve definition is - any of the nerves that arise in pairs from the lower surface of the brain one on each side and pass through openings in the skull to the periphery of the body and that comprise 12 pairs in reptiles, birds, and mammals and usually 10 in fishes and amphibians
  2. Medical Terms by Body System HEENT - Head, Ears, Eyes, Nose & Throat: • Occipital - back of the head cran cranial CSF cerebral spinal fluid CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke) D & C dilatation & curettage D.C. Doctor of Chiropractic D.O. Doctor of Osteopathy D/C discharge.
  3. Cranial nerves (mnemonic) There are many cranial nerve mnemonics that can be memorable and rude/lewd. Either way, they can be helpful for remembering the names of the twelve cranial nerves , as well as remembering which nerves are sensory, motor, or both. Remembering cranial nerve names in order of CN I to CN XII

Medical Term Ch. 12, Cranial Nerves Flashcards Quizle

  1. Define cranial prosthesis. cranial prosthesis synonyms, cranial prosthesis pronunciation, cranial prosthesis translation, English dictionary definition of cranial prosthesis. n. pl. pros·the·ses 1
  2. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive form of brain stimulation in which a changing magnetic field is used to cause electric current at a specific area of the brain through electromagnetic induction.An electric pulse generator, or stimulator, is connected to a magnetic coil, which in turn is connected to the scalp.The stimulator generates a changing electric current within.
  3. ology. Courtesy of Nanette Walker Smith, RVT, CVT and Elizabeth Warren, RVT. Cranial - pertaining to the head or cranium Caudal - pertaining to the hind end or tail Frontal - plane that separates the body into top and botto
  4. Human anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body.Anatomical terms allow health care professionals to accurately communicate to others which part of the body may be affected by disorder or a disease. Terms are defined in reference to a theoretical person who is standing in what is called anatomical position (see figure below): both feet pointing forwards, arms down to the side with.
  5. Craniosynostosis is a rare condition in which an infant has an abnormally shaped skull after the cranial sutures fusing too early. Surgery can correct it
  6. ed with a special light. Cranial nerve III (oculomotor)
  7. Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). These planes are imaginary lines - vertical or horizontal - drawn through an upright body. The terms are used to describe a specific body part. Listed below are general anatomical terms and their meanings

Cranioplasty Johns Hopkins Medicin

Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is a type of radiation therapy used to prevent the spread ( metastasis) of lung cancer from the lungs to the brain. The brain is among the most common site of metastases in people with advanced lung cancer, along with the liver, bones, adrenal glands, and other parts of the lung. 1  In humans, cranial and cephalic are used to refer to the skull, with cranial being used more commonly. The term rostral is rarely used in human anatomy, apart from embryology, and refers more to the front of the face than the superior aspect of the organism. Similarly, the term caudal is used more in embryology and only occasionally. It has five body cavities and medical terms to accompany them. Each cavity contains organs that are organized (no pun intended) in a neat and orderly fashion. The abdominal cavity contains the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, gallbladder, pancreas, ureters, and kidneys. The cranial cavity, the cavity inside the skull, or the cranium. The functions of the cranial nerves are sensory, motor, or both: Sensory cranial nerves help a person to see, smell, and hear. Motor cranial nerves help control muscle movements in the head and neck The most common use of olympus in medical terms is the mnemonic used to remember the names of the cranial nerves. The mnemonic is, On old Olympus' towering top, a Finn and German viewed some hops

Plagiocephaly, Brachycephaly, Scaphocephal Baby Head Shape

1.Contact your health insurance company to find out if a medical hair replacement unit or cranial hair prosthesis qualifies for reimbursement, and if so what the parameters are. Remember it's very important when discussing this topic with your insurance company to use the term cranial hair prosthesis or cranial prosthesis, and NOT the word 'wig. Cranial nerves 3, 4 and 6 & extra ocular movements: Be aware that many patients, particularly the elderly, often have other medical conditions that limit joint movement. Degenerative joint disease of the knee, for example, might cause limited range of motion, though tone should still be normal.. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak occurs when there is a tear or hole in the membranes surrounding the brain or spinal cord, allowing the clear fluid that surrounds and cushions those organs to escape. An increased risk of meningitis is associated with cranial CSF leaks. CSF leaks can be cause by an injury, surgery, an epidural, a spinal tap or a. Even with early diagnosis and aggressive surgical and medical therapy, the mortality rate is high. We present a patient with rhinocerebral mucormycosis involving the paranasal sinuses and cranial base who experienced long-term survival after multimodality treatment. Clinical characteristics of the disease are discussed, and the literature is.

Summary. Anatomical terms are used to describe specific areas and movements of the body as well as the relation of body parts to each other. It is essential for health professionals to have knowledge of anatomical terms in order to effectively communicate with colleagues in a scientific manner Craniosynostosis is a condition in which the bones in an infant's skull grow together too early, causing problems with brain growth and head shape. The edges of the skull bones are called sutures, which normally close by age 2 to 3. With craniosynostosis, the head stops growing in the areas where the sutures have fused, and expands abnormally. Common Medical Abbreviations A A.A.R.O.M. Active assistive range of motion A.B.G. Arterial blood gas a.c. before meals A/C Assist Control add Adduction ADA Diet American Diabetes Association Diet A.D.L. activities of daily living A.Fib. arterial fibrillation AKA Above Knee Amputation or above the knee amputation ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosi One is known as the cranial cavity, and it's a cavity located within the skull. Cranial comes from cranium, which refers to the bones encasing the brain. It's a brain case! Medical Terminology.

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Define cranial nerves. cranial nerves synonyms, cranial nerves pronunciation, cranial nerves translation, English dictionary definition of cranial nerves. Twelve pairs of nerves linking the underside of the brain with parts of the head, neck, and thorax The foregut is cranial to the midgut. The term ventral refers to the anterior (front) aspect of the embryo, while dorsal refers to the posterior (back). The gut tube lies ventrally to the spinal cord. Rostral and caudal are only used to describe structures within the central nervous system, above the level of the spinal cord (e.g brainstem. This directional terms quiz will test your knowledge on the directional terms in human anatomy, as well as the anatomical position.It's important to know these directional terms, as they will provide you with a standard reference for anatomical structures. Remember, anatomy builds on itself, so if you learn these terms early, it will help you in your studies of human anatomy There are 12 paired cranial nerves that arise from the brainstem. Aspects of vision, like peripheral vision, are under the control of the optic cranial nerve (II). Medical professionals can test visual acuity using a Snellen chart. The trigeminal cranial nerve is the largest of the cranial nerves The relevant medical terminology is a part of that knowledge. Functional parts include the cerebrum, brainstem, nuclei, basal ganglia, cranial nerves, spinal cord, ganglia, spinal nerve roots, and peripheral nerves. Supporting parts include neuroglia, cerebrospinal fluid, ventricles, and meninges

Wowwee! You got picked to go to...Earth.... oh... good luck :-)Thanks for representing Autonyma! I'm sure you'll be just fine. You're in capable medical hand.. Medical Terminology Rules #11: Words ending with -x. When a singular form of the word ends with -x, drop the -x and add -ges. Laryn x The organ of voice. Laryn ges. Menin x The three membranes that enclose the brain and spinal cord. Menin ges. Phanln x Bones of the fingers and toes

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Multiple Cranial Neuropathies Johns Hopkins Medicin

What is the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL)? The cranial cruciate ligament (known as the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, in humans) is one of several ligaments in the stifle (knee) that connect the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). The CCL has 3 main functions: (1) prevent cranial displacement of the tibia i The most common causes of TBI include falls, vehicle crashes, being hit with or crashing into an object, and assaults. The initial injury can cause brain tissue to swell. In addition, broken. A directional term used to refer to an area more toward the cauda, or tail region; opposite of cranial. Caval syndrome Disease caused by large numbers of worms in the right side of the heart and vena cava, which results in blood circulation problems in the liver leading to the breakdown of red blood cells, anemia, weakness, and collapse

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2.10: Learn Medical Terminology and Human Anatomy. In our previous courses, you may have noticed a number of complex anatomy and physiology terms getting tossed around. Our complete medical terminology list will help you learn some of the most common anatomical and surgical terms by looking at prefixes, suffixes, and roots cranial meaning: 1. of the skull 2. of the skull. Learn more A palsy of the 3rd cranial nerve can impair eye movements, the response of pupils to light, or both. These palsies can occur when pressure is put on the nerve or the nerve does not get enough blood. People have double vision when they look in a certain direction, the eyelid droops, and the pupil may be widened (dilated) Standard anatomical terms for direction include: Superior and inferior (cranial and caudal) are used when referring to parts of the body which are toward an end of the body. Superior structures are toward the head (cranial) while inferior (caudal) structures are toward the feet


In describing the location or direction of a given point in the body, it is always assumed that the subject is in the anatomical position, that is, upright, with face front, arms at the sides with palms forward, and feet parallel, as shown in the small diagram in Figure 5-1.In this stance, the terms illustrated in Figure 5-1 and listed in Display 5-1 are used to designate relative position The medical term for swelling, puffiness, or fluid retention; also referred to as hydropsy. Edema is a result of systemic diseases, infections, or allergic reactions. Diabetes drugs, analgesics, and anti-inflammatory medicines can cause edema. Edema usually affects the feet, ankles, and legs Cranial nerve, in vertebrates, any of the paired nerves of the peripheral nervous system that connect the muscles and sense organs of the head and thoracic region directly to the brain. The cranial nerves (I-XII) and their areas of innervation. Cranial nerve s can be thought of as modified spinal nerves, since the general functional fibre. An increase in intracranial pressure is a serious and life-threatening medical problem. The pressure can damage the brain or spinal cord by pressing on important structures and by restricting blood flow into the brain. Many conditions can increase intracranial pressure. Common causes include: Aneurysm rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage; Brain.

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Microvascular Cranial Nerve Palsy (MCNP) is when blood flow to certain nerves in your head (called cranial nerves) is blocked. As a result, you may not be able to move your eye a certain way. Also, you will have double vision.Double vision is when you see two of a single image—either side by side, or one above the other Objective—To determine short- and long-term rates of successful outcomes of surgical and nonsurgical treatments for overweight dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR).. Design—Prospective, randomized, clinical trial.. Animals—40 client-owned overweight dogs with unilateral CCLR.. Procedures—Dogs were randomly assigned to nonsurgical (physical therapy, weight loss, and NSAID. Importance: Lower cranial neuropathy (LCNP) is a rare, but permanent, late effect of radiotherapy and other cancer therapies. Lower cranial neuropathy is associated with excess cancer-related symptoms and worse swallowing-related quality of life. Few studies have investigated risk and clinical factors associated with late LCNP among patients with long-term survival of oropharyngeal squamous. What is cranial ultrasound? Head and transcranial Doppler are two types of cranial ultrasound exams used to evaluate brain tissue and the flow of blood to the brain, respectively.. Head Ultrasound. A head ultrasound examination produces images of the brain and the cerebrospinal fluid that flows and is contained within its ventricles, the fluid filled cavities located in the deep portion of the.

Several of the cranial nerves run through bones in the skull. The cranial nerves can become temporarily or chronically impaired as a result of illness, infection, inflammation, or head trauma. Due to their structure and location, each pair of cranial nerves is predisposed to certain medical conditions Cranial nerve disorders, such as trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm, affect the connections between cranial nerve centers within the brain. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves that lead directly from the brain to various parts of the head, neck, and trunk. Some of the cranial nerves are involved in senses, such as seeing, hearing, and. Why Cranial Therapy Is Silly. Craniosacral therapy (CST) is one of many terms used to describe a various methods based on fanciful claims that: The human brain makes rhythmic movements at a rate of 10 to 14 cycles per minute, a periodicity unrelated to breathing or heart rate. Small cranial pulsations can be felt with the fingertips

superior (cephalic or cranial) toward the head or toward the upper part of a structure: inferior (caudal) away from the head, or toward the lower part of a structure: anterior (ventral) nearer to or at the front of the body: posterior (dorsal) nearer to or at the back of the body: medial: nearer the midline: lateral: further from the midline. A conjugate gaze palsy is inability to move both eyes together in a single horizontal (most commonly) or vertical direction. (See also Overview of Neuro-ophthalmologic and Cranial Nerve Disorders .) Gaze palsies most commonly affect horizontal gaze; some affect upward gaze, and fewer affect downward gaze. The underlying disorder is treated Some Background on Cranial Sacral Therapy. Osteopath Dr. William Sutherland developed the modality we call Cranial Sacral Therapy (CST) in the 1930s when he realized that there is a small degree of motion allowed by the beveled cranial sutures, allowing them to move or breathe, pulsing with the body A Beginner's Guide to Craniosacral Therapy - Core ConnectionBy Sophia Schweitzer Jenny started medical school at the University of California-Davis this year. She leads a normal life. She's agile and intelligent. You never would have thought that in fourth grade, when she was 11, her future wasn't as promising. Severely dyslexic, Jenny was reading [ The authors concluded that in patients with intra-cranial arterial stenosis, aggressive medical management was superior to PTAS with the use of the Wingspan stent system, both because the risk of early stroke after PTAS was high and because the risk of stroke with aggressive medical therapy alone was lower than expected

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Latin, or pseudo-latin, is often used to convey unflattering terms and make it sound grandiloquent to the uninformed (or faecal-encephalopathic) ear. Variations include Cranio-Rectal Syndrome and Cranial Rectosis, presumably for when the patient doesn't have shit for brains but merely has his head up his ass The cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL, see Figure 1.) is one of the most important stabilizers inside the canine knee (stifle) joint, the middle joint in the back leg. In humans the CrCL is called the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The meniscus (Figure 1) is a 'cartilage-like' structure that sits in between the femur (thigh) and tibia. B. Documentation of medical necessity for a cranial orthosis for treatment of nonsynostotic PCD must include all of the following: 1. A written prescription by the member's pediatric neurosurgeon or craniofacial surgeon for the cranial orthosis; 2. A written determination by the member's pediatric neurosurgeon or craniofacial surgeon tha Directional Terms • Superior : means the part is above another or closer to head (cranial ). Vs. • Inferior: means the part is below another or towards the feet (caudal). • Anterior: means towards the front (the eyes are anterior to the brain) - [ventral]. Vs. • Posterior: means toward the back (the pharynx is posterior to the ora Term. sciatica. Definition. inflammation of the sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning, and tingling along the course of the affected sciatic nerve through the thing, leg, and foot. Term. trigeminal neuralgia. Definition. characterized by severe lightening-like pain due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve. These sudden, intense.

Quadrants & Regions & Cavities - Anatomical MedicalThorax | definition of thorax by Medical dictionary

Introducing the Hanger Clinic CARE Network. When it comes to treating your baby's cranial asymmetry, we know you want the best care possible, which is why we established the nation's largest and most prestigious network of Cranial Asymmetry Remolding Experts, known as the CARE Network.. With over 200 certified orthotists specializing in cranial care at more than 260 locations across the. Oromandibular dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by forceful contractions of the face, jaw, and/or tongue causing difficulty in opening and closing the mouth and often affecting chewing and speech. Another word used to describe dystonia of this kind is cranial dystonia.Cranial dystonia is a broad description for dystonia that affects. Of all the cranial nerves, the abducens nerve has the longest intracranial course. It is located in the pons at the floor of the fourth ventricle, at the same level as the facial colliculus. In fact, the axons of the facial nerve loop around the posterior aspect of the abducens nucleus Use this free online medical dictionary search engine to research and learn about medical terminology, pharmaceutical drugs, healthcare equipment, health conditions, medical devices, medical abbreviations and more. You can browse the medical terminology glossary or search medical terms. This medical dictionary displays information that may be available from any of the more than 40,000 publicly. Cranial nerves are nerves of the PNS that originate from or terminate in the brain. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, all of which pass through foramina of the skull. Some cranial nerves are sensory nerves (containing only sensory fibers), some are motor nerves (containing only motor fibers), and some are mixed nerves (containing a. Test each nostril with essence bottles of coffee, vanilla, peppermint. CN II: Optic. With patient wearing glasses, test each eye separately on eye chart/ card using an eye cover. Examine visual fields by confrontation by wiggling fingers 1 foot from pt's ears, asking which they see move. • Keep examiner's head level with patient's head