Home

Article 19 of Indian Constitution Notes

The article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution of India states that, all citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression. The philosophy behind this Article lies in the Preamble of the Constitution, where a solemn resolve is made to secure to all its citizen, liberty of thought and expression. Th Article 19 'Right to Freedom ' is guaranteed by the Constitution of India to all people without any discrimination on race, caste and gender. Rights under the article are available only to the citizens of India and shareholders of a company stated in India. Rights under article 19 give a citizen the right to freedom in a certain way Right to Freedom (Articles 19 - 22) The Right to Freedom is one of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. It is very important to understand what this right entails and includes. This topic is a basic topic in the polity and constitution segments of the UPSC Syllabus for the civil services exam Article 19 of the Indian Constitution prescribes and protects the following kinds of freedoms to all citizens of India - a) Freedom of speech and expression. b) Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms. c) Freedom to form associations or unions Article 19 of the Indian Constitution with Important Case Laws by LawBhoomi August 26, 2020 Article 19 guarantees to every Citizen of India the following six basic, fundamental freedoms- (1) All citizens shall have the righ

These limitations are usually known as reasonable restrictions, which are provided under clauses 2 to 6 of Article 19 of the Indian Constitution. The State can truncate the enjoyment of the freedoms provided in Article 19 (1) through law. The exercise of the power of the State to curb freedoms through a law takes the form of executive action Article 19 (1) (b) of the Indian Constitution guarantees right to Citizen to assemble peacefully and without arms. Therefore they can organize meetings, procession peacefully. However, the State can restrict this right under article 19 (3) in the interest of sovereignty and integrity of India or public order

  1. Article 19 (2): Under Article 19 (2) the state may make a law imposing reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right to freedom of speech and expression
  2. The well-researched miscellaneous articles and the 10-part series of important questions towards the end of this course give students an edge when participating in national level competitions and exams. Our study material holds the key to success for aspiring lawyers.. Important articles and study material on Constitutional Law - Click on the links to Read
  3. The Constitution of India contains the right to freedom in article 19 with a view of guaranteeing individual rights that were considered vital by the framers of the constitution. These rights have been provided to all citizens
  4. In the original Constitution, there were 7 freedoms in Art. 19 (1) but the last one of them [Cl. (1) (h)], namely, 'the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property' has been omitted by the Constitution (44th Amendment) Act, 1978, leaving only 6 freedoms in this Article

under Article 19(1)(a) could be curtailed. The right under Article 19(1)(a) can only be regulated by law and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution and by executive instructions. They did not commit any offence under the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act,1971, because the Article 19 (2) of the Indian constitution allows the state to make laws that restrict freedom of speech and expression so long as they impose any restriction on the - The state's Security such as rebellion, waging war against the State, insurrection and not ordinary breaches of public order and public safety

Article 19 of Constitution of India Law colum

Under article 19 (1)(a) freedom of expression means the freedom to express not only one's own views but also the views of others and by any means including printing Article 19 (1) (a) of the Indian constitution In India, the freedom of speech and expression is granted by Article19 (1) (a) of the Indian Constitution, which is available only to the citizens of India and not to foreign nationals By Apurva Rathee, Advocate. Article 19 (1) (a) : IntroductionIn the landmark case of Maneka Gandhi v.Union of India Bhagwati, J. had emphasized on the freedom of speech and expression in the following words: Democracy is based essentially on free debate and open discussion.If democracy means government of the people by the people, it is obvious that every citizen must be entitled to.

Article 19 of the constitution provides freedom of speech which is the right to express one's opinion freely without any fear through oral / written / electronic/ broadcasting / press. The Constitution does not make any special / specific reference to the Freedom of Press Draft Article 13 (Article 19, Constitution of India 1950) was debated on 1st December 1948, 2nd December 1948, 16th October 1949 and 17th October 1949. It laid down the right to certain freedoms with certain restrictions. Members primarily discussed the restrictions placed on the exercise of the freedoms set out in this Draft Article Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution of India guarantees to all its citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression. The law states that, all citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression. Under Article 19 (2) reasonable restrictions can be imposed on the exercise of this right for certain purposes Article 19(1)(d) and (e) of the Indian Constitution guarantees to every citizen of India right to move freely throughout the territory of India and to reside and settle in any Part of the of the Territory of India.This right is subject to reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the general public or for the protection of the interests of any Scheduled Tribes Nothing in sub clause (a) of clause ( 1 ) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency.

Freedom of Speech and Expression - Article 19 (1) (a) • Article 19 (1) (a) of our constitution guarantee freedom of speech and expression to every citizen of India. Under Article 19 (1) (a) every citizen of India is free to express his views, beliefs and convictions freely without fear The golden triangle of our Constitution is composed of Articles 14, 19 and 21. Incorporation of such a trinity in our paramount parchment is for the purpose of paving such a path for the people of India which may see them close to the trinity of liberty, equality, and fraternity Article 19 (1) (a) of Indian Constitution says that all citizens have the right to freedom of speech and expression. Freedom of Speech and expression means the right to express one's own convictions and opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode. It thus includes the expression of one's idea through any.

The Golden Triangle of The Indian Constitution: Articles 14, 19 and 21. Introduction. Author : Pooja Dua. Embodied with 449 articles, 12 schedules, 25 parts, 5 appendices and 101 amendments, The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world with around 146,385 words in its English version The framers of the Indian constitution considered freedom of the press as an essential part of the freedom of speech and expression as guaranteed in Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution. In Romesh Thaper vs State of Madras and Brij Bhushan vs State of Delhi , the Supreme Court took it for granted the fact that the freedom of the press was an. o All citizens have right to establish and administer educational institutions under Article 19 (1) (g) and 26 (a) subject to conditions of Article 19 (6) and 26 but the minorities have additional right under Article 30 (1 The Apex Court of India has said that while interpreting Article 14, 19, and 21 of the constitution, the courts must mix the provisions together and interpret them as a whole for the enforcement of FRs without the presence of arbitration. Articles 14, 19, and 21 together are referred to as the Golden Triangle of the Indian Constitution There are 4 Articles under this Fundamental Right. These are Article 19-22. Article 19 is the first Article under the heading of Right to Freedom. Also read: Right to Equality in the Indian Constitution Article 19 is giving 6 Fundamental Freedoms to the Citizens of India. These Freedoms are important for the proper functioning of a democracy

Article 19 - Constitution of India - Notes interest of the society thus restriction is fine if it is reasonable but if it isn't and goes outside the purview of Article 19(2) then the abuse of power can be questioned. Union of India v. Association for Democratic Reforms (Right to Know GATEKEEPER LIABILITY AND ARTICLE 19(1)(A) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Chinmayi Arun* This paper argues that access and free flow of information need to be seen as significant parts of our freedom of expression jurisprudence. In particular, it highlights the role played by information gatekeepers in the free circula-tion of information

Right to Freedom (Articles 19 - 22) - Freedom of Speech

India News: The Supreme Court on Friday said that access to the internet is a fundamental right under Article 19 of the Constitution and asked the Jammu and Kashm under Article 19(1)(a) could be curtailed. The right under Art icle 19(1)(a) can only be regulated by law and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution and by executive instructions. They did not commit any offence under the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act,1971, because the Constitutional Law - Complete Units-naik class notes on constitutional law unit (1st sem year ll.b) unit introduction to indian constitution the framing of th Answer:- Freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental right provided under Article 19(1) (a) in the part III of the constitution of India. Article 19 provides certain freedom for the individual. In a case LIC v/s Manu Bhai D.Shah, the apex court held that, speech is Gods- gifted to mankind Answer:- INRODUCTION:- Freedom of speech and expression is a fundamental right given under Art 19(1) A in the part III of the constitution of India. Article 19 itself contains certain freedom for the individual. In a case LIC v/s Manu Bhai D.Shah, the apex court held that, That a speech is Gods- gifted to mankind

An explanation of Article 226 and 227 of the Indian

3. Amendment of article 19 and validation of certain laws.-(1) In article 19 of the Constitution,-(a) for clause (2), the following clause shall be substituted, and the said clause shall be deemed always to have been enacted in the following form, namely:---(2) Nothing in sub-clause (a) of clause (1) shall affect th Fundamental Rights: Part III (Articles 12-35) - UPSC Notes. Articles 12-35 ( Part III) of the Indian Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights. Fundamental Rights are largely inspired by the Bill of Rights in the American Constitution. Part 3 and Part 4 together form the conscience of the Constitution or intellectual component of the State

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution - Right to Freedo

Part III of the Indian Constitution talks about Fundamental Rights. The fundamental rights were included in the constitution because they were considered essential for the development of the personality of every individual and to preserve human dignity. All people, irrespective of race, religion, caste or sex, have been given the right to move the Supreme Court and the High Courts for the. 1.1 Article 14 of the Constitution of India reads as under: ˝The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. ˛ 1.2 The said Article is clearly in two parts while it commands the State not to den Notes on Article 20 of constitution of India Article 20 has taken care to safeguard the rights of persons accused of crimes. Persons here means the citizens, non-citizens as well as corporations. Please note that this article cannot be suspended even during an emergency in operation under article 359. Article 20 also constitutes the limitation. This is part of a larger trend in India around defamation suits which raises many questions for publishing houses and authors. Freedom of speech and defamation. Defamation law acts as a counter-balance to the constitutional right of free speech (guaranteed by Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India)

Allahabad High court: Name change is a part of freedom of

Article 14 declares that the state should not deny to any person equality before the laws within the territory of India. Article 14 uses two expression equality before the law and equal protection of the law. The phrase equality before the law occurs in almost all written constitutions that guarantee fundamental rights If you are searching for an index or summary of the Constitution of India, updated up to the latest constitutional amendments, this post should be the right place to start with. Constitution of India contains 395 articles in 22 parts. Additional articles and parts are inserted later through various amendments. There are also 12 schedules in the Indian Constitution The United States and India almost have similar free speech provisions in their Constitutions. Article 19(1) (a) of Indian constitution corresponds to the First Amendment of the United States Constitution which says, congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech or of the press4 The formal recognition of a legal Right to Information in India occurred more than two decades before legislation was finally enacted, when the Supreme Court of India ruled in State of U.P. v Raj Narain that the Right to Information is implicit in the right to freedom of speech and expression explicitly guaranteed in Article 19 of the Indian Constitution Article 22 of Indian constitution. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (Article 22) As per Article 22 — No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest nor shall he be denied the right to consult, and to be defended by, a legal practitioner of his choice

Other related documents LLB Notes- Constitutional Law - Complete Units B-LAW Notes UNIT-1 - Contract ACT Article 14 Indian Constitution Case list - Summary Constitutional Law Kathi Raning Rawat vs The State Of Saurashtra on 27 February, 1952 Human Rights Notes Constitution (25th Amendment) Act introduced Article 31-C for giving overriding effect to Articles 39(a) and (b) over fundamental rights enshrined in Articles 14, 19 and 31. Later on this overriding effect was given by 42nd Amendment to all the Directive Principles over these articles 3 E.P. Royappa v Article 20: Protection in respect of conviction for offences. 20(1): No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence (2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368. PART II . CITIZENSHIP . 5. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. - At the commencement of this Constitution every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and-(a) who was born in the territory of.

The part 18 of Indian constitution deals with the emergency provisions. This part has been the subject of most acrimonious attacks by the critics in the history of Indepe. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services The Fundamental Rights of the Indian Constitution in hindiArticle 16 - Equality of Opportunity in Public EmploymentExceptions to Equality of Opportunity Mand.. Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. 15 (1): The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. 15 (2) (b): the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly. The guarantee under Article 15 is available to citizens only and not to every person whether citizen or non-citizen as applicable under Article 14 of the Constitution. Article 15 directs that the State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, and place of birth or any of them

Language provisions in the Constitution of the Indian Union Constitution of India Adopted January 26, 1950. Article 29 Protection of interests of minorities (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same Preamble. As the preamble describes, one of the significant objectives of Indian Constitution is to secure liberty of thought and expressions to the citizens of India. The liberty of thought and expressions can never be secured until and unless the citizens have right to information. Article 14. This article guarantees right to equal protection.

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution with Important Case

  1. orities present in our country today. Although, the wordings of the two articles are similar, the two articles do not imply the same things. The scope of these two articles when read separately or with other precedents is very wide
  2. 129. Supreme Court to be a court of record- The Supreme Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself. Under Articles 129 and 142 of the Constitution the Supreme..
  3. Context. Recently the Delhi High Court has dismissed a petition seeking direction to prohibit the eviction of tenants by landlords over non-payment of renttill the COVID-19 crisis is over.; The HC said that the waiver of rent cannot be granted by this court while exercising powers under Article 226 of the Constitution of India as waiving of such rent vests first with the landlords
  4. Indian Constitution is already the longest Constitution in the world. It has now grown to 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices, and 102 amendments. To get precise information read the article to know about the Important Articles of the Constitution of India, and its schedules here
  5. The Article prohibits the deprivation of the above rights except according to a procedure established by law .Article 21 corresponds to the Magna Carta of 1215, the Fifth Amendment to the American Constitution, Article 40(4) of the Constitution of Eire 1937, and Article XXXI of the Constitution of Japan, 1946. Article 21 applies to natural persons
  6. ARTICLE 246: The Seventh Schedule under Article 246 of the Constitution deals with the division of power between the Union and the States.Article 246 of the Constitution demarcated the powers of the Union and the State by classifying their powers into 3 lists, namely Union List, State List and the Concurrent List.The constitution of India has provided for the division of powers between the.

Reasonable restrictions under Article 19 and

UPSC LAW OPTIONAL CA 2020/2021 :INTERNET AND ARTICLE 19

Even though Article 19(1) of the Constitution of India mentions about the freedoms and Article 19(2) to Article 19(6) of the Constitution of India mentions about the exceptions to Article 19(1) of the Constitution of India, still, there are instances where people are scared to open their mouths for justice as either they will be beaten up, or their future will be darkened by the other party Article 16 of Indian Constitution Explained - Article 16 talks about equal opportunity of work to all. It forbids discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, and place of birth or any of them in matters of public employment. However, there is provision for exceptions in the constitution. They are: 1 The makers of the Indian Constitution were aware of this problem and sought to strike a balance. They placed the Constitution above ordinary law and expected that I know that the Constitution of the US came into existence more than 200 years ago and so far it has been amended only 27 times Article 51A makes it a fundamental duty for every person to safeguard public property and to avoid violence during the protests and resorting to violence during public protests results in infringement of key fundamental duty of citizens. Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution elucidates that right to free speech and expression

Right to freedom (Six basic freedoms which - SRD Law Note

Article 19 (2) : Reasonable Restrictions on Article 19 (1

Article 16 Of Indian Constitution Pdf - Article 15 Indian

They drafted this Constitution for the protection of the people of India and such interpretation of Article 21 will be counter-productive to the protection offered by the Constitution. The court overruled Gopalan by stating that there is a unique relationship between the provisions of Article 14, 19 & 21 and every law must pass the tests. Constitution of India. This edition of the Constitution of India is made available for reference and information of the general public. The Department has taken all care and effort to ensure to update this edition of the Constitution of India by including all the constitutional amendments till date. Though efforts have been made to provide.

Though compensation is not expressly mentioned in the Article, in K.T Plantation Pvt. Ltd. Vs. State of Karnataka, 2011 the SC held that public purpose was a pre-condition for deprivation of a person of his property under Article 300A of the Constitution and the right to claim compensation was also inbuilt in that Article Article 21 - Landmark Judgement #1: AK Gopalan Vs State of Madras. The above Judgement passed by the Supreme Court of India came into limelight since it was the first-ever matter that came before the Apex Court after its establishment in 1950. It was a case where the interpretation about Article 19 and 21 was set out by the Supreme Court The Constitution framers adopted from several sources, features which are present in the Indian Constitution. The main sources may be identified as. i. Government of India Act, 1935: Federal Scheme, Office of Governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Emergency provisions, Administrative details. ii

Constitutional Law - Notes, Case Laws And Study Materia

A Critical Analysis of Article 19 with latest judicial

Above all, जो SSC, UPSC Books Notes का नाम all articles of indian constitution in hindi pdf है. Today, we are sharing Article 1 to 395 in Hindi PDF download bhartiya samvidhan anuched , SSC CGL free notes online, freeupscmaterial Separately, Article 129 of the Constitution conferred on the Supreme Court the power to punish contempt of itself. Article 215 conferred a corresponding power on the High Courts

Article 19 of Indian constitution - Indian polity explaine

  1. Essay on Right to Equality under Article 14 of Indian Constitution. Article 14 declares that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. The phrase equality before the law occurs in almost all written constitutions that guarantee fundamental rights
  2. Indian Constitution- Parts, Schedules & Articles. India has the world's lengthiest constitution with 448 articles, 25 parts and 12 schedules. Constitution of India is the framework demarcating the code, procedures, rights, duties, rules and regulations to be followed and adopted by the citizens and government. B
  3. Indian Constitution in Hindi PDF Free Download, constitution of india in hindi pdf, bhartiya samvidhan notes in hindi pdf, ias constitution notes in hindi, भारत का संविधा

Freedom of Speech and Expression [Article 19(1)(a

  1. The Preamble is called the introduction letter of the Indian Constitution. The preamble was amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976, in which three new words Socialist, Secular.
  2. ation. According to them, all these tantamount to evidence within the meaning of Indian Evidence Act, and as such.
  3. ated the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property as a fundamental right. However, in another part of the Constitution, Article 300 (A) was inserted to affirm that no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law
  4. Making it a legal right under the Constitution serves two purposes: Firstly, it gives emphasis to the value of socialism included in the preamble and secondly, in doing so, it conformed to the doctrine of basic structure of the Constitution. The 44th Amendment Act repealed Article 19 (1) (f) and also took out Article 31 (1) has been taken out.
  5. 1.25 Article 76 {Attorney-General for India} 1.26 Article 77 {Conduct of business of the Government of India} 1.27 Article 78 {Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.} 2 Chapter II {Parliament} 2.1 Article 79 {Constitution of Parliament} 2.2 Article 80 {Composition of the Council of States
  6. Article 30: The Indian Constitution has provisions of fundamental right from articles 12 to 35. Part-3 of the constitution talks about the fundamental rights given to the citizens of the country
8th Class: Ch 1 - Indian Constitution - YouTube

Since RTI is implicit in the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Indian Constitution, it is an implied fundamental right. Information disclosure in India had traditionally been restricted by the Official Secrets Act 1923 and various other special laws, which the new RTI Act overrides [3] Article 20 of the Indian Constitution. Posted by Manoj Vats on February 3, 2015 | 2 Comments to Read. The Article 20 is one of the pillars of fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. It mainly deals with protection of certain rights in case of conviction for offences

Freedom of Speech & Expression: A detailed description

The right to get the pollution-free air is also a fundamental right under Article 21. Olega Tellis vs. Bombay Municipal Corporation (B.M.C) In this case, the Supreme Court held that the right to livelihood is included in Article 21. Lachma Devi vs. Attorney General of India. Supreme Court held that the execution of a death sentence at a public. Union of India and others it was held that in the expanded meaning attributed to Article 21 of the Constitution, it is the duty of the State to create a climate where members of the society belonging to different faiths, caste and creed live together and, therefore, the State has a duty to protect their life, liberty, dignity and worth of an. Article 101 in The Constitution Of India 1949. 101. Vacation of seats. (1) No person shall be a member of both Houses of Parliament and provision shall be made by Parliament by law for the vacation by a person who is chosen a member of both Houses of his seat in one House or the other. (2) No person shall be a member both of Parliament and of a. Article 39 is considered as one of the very important provisions of part IVth (i.e., Directive principle of state policy) in the constitution of India whose main objective of the is to provide the direction or guidelines in another word, to the state which has relation in policymaking.It describes the area where the state must have to take into consideration of work to grow as a welfare state.

Unit 1d: National Values as enshrined in the Indian

Freedom of Press under Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitutio

Understanding Article 32 under the Indian Constitution . Article 32 is the right to constitutional remedies enshrined under Part III of the constitution. Right to constitutional remedies was considered as a heart and soul of the constitution by Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar. Article 32 makes the Supreme court as a protector and guarantor of the. By Namita Wahi One month after demonetisation, the Supreme Court is hearing several public interest petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the demonetisation notification, which declared that Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes would no longer be legal tender post midnight on November 8, 2016. The preamble to the notification stated that its objective was to eliminate fake currency. The right guaranteed by this article shall not be suspended except as otherwise provided for by this Constitution. Article 32A {Constitutional validity of State laws not to be considered in proceedings under article 32} Rep. by the Constitution (Forty-third Amendment) Act, 1977, s. 3 (w.e.f. 13-4-1978) The law must satisfy the requirements of Article 14, Article 19 read with Article 21. The Right to live with dignity includes adequate nutrition, clothing, shelter over the head with facilities of reading, writing and to express one self. (Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India­­­: AIR 1978 SC 597, Francis Coralie v

Article 19 of Constitution of India and Right to Freedom

Article 15 of Indian Constitution. Posted by Admin on November 21, 2014 | Read the First Comment. In order to uphold the spirit of a secular nation and create a society based on equality, the Constitution makers of India have incorporated various provisions in the Indian Constitution. Article 15 is one such legislation. The Concept of Article 1 The Preamble is a key to interpretation of the Constitution. It is a brief introductory statement to Indian constitution. It will not be wrong to say that Preamble is a basic part of our Indian Constitution. This article is written by Prachi Gupta, law graduate in 2019. Now She is preparing for Judicial Service Examination This Article stipulates two concepts i.e., right to life and principle of liberty. By Article 21 of the Indian Constitution it is clear that it is available not only for free people but also to those people behind the prison. Following are the rights of prisoners which are implicitly provided under the Article 21 of the Constitution of India: The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework that demarcates fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.It is the longest written constitution of any country Article 16 Constitution of India: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. Article 17 Constitution of India: Abolition of Untouchability. Article 18 Constitution of India: Abolition of titles. Article 19 Constitution of India: Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc

Indian constitution and education